Certificate of Origin (C/O)

Common Definitions1:

1. “Origin of Goods” means the country or territory of the place where the whole of the goods or the place where the last substantial processing of the goods was made occurs in the case of multiple countries or territories. Produce the goods.1

2. “Rules of origin” means the rules of origin applicable to goods subject to preferential tariff arrangements and non-tariff preferences.2

3. Non-preferential rules of origin are rules of origin applicable to goods other than those specified in Clause 2 of this Article and in cases of application of non-preferential trade measures on most-favoured-nation treatment, anti-dumping, anti-subsidy, safeguard, quantity restriction or tariff quota, government procurement and trade statistics.3

4. Certificate of origin is a document or equivalent legal form issued by an agency or organization of a country, group of countries, or territories exporting goods based on regulations and relevant requirements for origin, indicating the origin of the good.4

5. Back-to-back Certificate of Origin is a Certificate of Origin according to the provisions of an international treaty that Vietnam has signed or acceded to, and is issued by an intermediate exporting member country based on the Certificate of Origin of the goods of the first exporting Member State.

6. Certificate of origin unchanged is a certificate issued to foreign goods that are brought into a bonded warehouse of Vietnam, then exported to another country and brought into the country on the basis of the Certificate. origin of goods has been granted first.

7. Self-certification of goods origin is a form of traders declaring and committing themselves to the origin of goods in accordance with law.

8. Self-certification of origin of goods is a document or equivalent legal form issued by a trader according to the provisions of Clause 7 of this Article.

9. Commodity code conversion is a change in HS codes (in the Export Tariff, Import Tariff) of goods created in a country, group of countries, or territories during the production process. from non-originating materials of this country, group of countries, or territories.

10. Value Percentage is the content of value obtained sufficient to be considered as originating in a country, group of countries, or territory where the final production, processing or processing takes place. This ratio is determined as the Value-Added Part calculated on the total value of goods produced, processed or processed in a country, group of countries, or territories after deducting the cost of input materials. into imports that do not belong to that country, group of countries, or territories, or the value of inputs of undetermined origin used in the production of the good.

11. Commodity processing and processing is the main production process that creates basic characteristics of goods.

12. A fundamental change is the transformation of a good through the production process to form a new commercial item that is different in shape, function, basic characteristics, or intended use from the good. initialization.

13. Simple operation without the use of special skills, machines, chains or specialized equipment.

14. Production means the methods for creating goods, including cultivation, exploitation, harvesting, breeding, breeding, extraction, gathering, gathering, hunting, catching, trapping, hunting. , manufacture, process, process or assemble.

15. Raw material means any material or substance used or consumed in the production of a good, or naturally incorporated into another good, or otherwise involved in the production of a good. other chemical.

16. Originating goods or materials are goods or materials that satisfy the preferential rules of origin as provided for in Chapter II or the non-preferential rules of origin under the provisions of Chapter III of this Decree .

17. The trader applying for a Certificate of Origin is the exporter, manufacturer, legal representative of the exporter or producer.


1. A certificate of origin often abbreviated as C/O (Certificate of Origin) is an important document in international trade that certifies that a particular shipment is of pure origin, or produced or produced. processed in a particular country.2

2. A certificate of origin is a document specifying the country in which the good is grown, manufactured, processed or assembled.3

3. The Harmonized System, or simply the HS (Harmanized System) is a global tariff nomenclature, an internationally standardized system of designation (description) and code (HS) code. Used to classify all commercial items worldwide including export and import goods. The system came into effect in 1988 and is managed by the International Customs Organization (WCO). This list includes about 5,000 commodity groups, identified by six digits, arranged in a legal structure. And reasonable and they are explained by clearly defined rules to ensure the classification of goods in a uniform manner.4

1 According to Article 3, Decree 31/2018/ND-CP dated March 8, 2018
According to ICC
According to USAID
According to WCO

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